Hyderabad is the capital city of Andhra Pradeshand the best touristpalaceofIndia
History of Hyderabad :
Hyderabadhistory is inextricably connected with the go up and down of various kingdoms , Qutb Shahi Nizams to Asaf Jahi Nizams which prospered in theDeccanarea during the ancient and the past few years.
Qutb Shahi rule(1518 – 1687)
Qutb Shahi Kings – Rulers of theDeccan
1) Sultan Quli Qutbul Mulk (1518 – 1543)
Founder and first ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty
The founder of the Qutb Shahi kingdom did much to strengthen and improve the capitalGolconda. He beautified his fortress capital with mosques, palaces and gardens. On the foundations of the old mud fort, Sultan Quli built a massive citadel.
This city, called Muhammadnagar, soon grew rapidly and earned fame as one of the leading cities of the East, well-known for its trade in diamonds and precious stones.
Sultan Quli’s subjects thought highly of him and he governed kindly and well. But at the age of 99, the king died at the hands of his own son Jamsheed Quli.
2) Amsheed Quli Qutb Shah(1543 – 1550)
2nd ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty
Amsheed Quli Qutb Shah took over the reins of government with bloodstained hands. His 7-year reign was marked by the people’s resentment over his patricide. However, Jamsheed Quli was educated and loved poetry. He died in 1550 of an incurable disease.
3) Subhan Quli Qutb Shah (1550-1551)
3rd ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty
Accession 1550 Dethroned 1551 Jamsheed Quli’s son, Subhan Quli,was thrust upon the throne by his mother and other ministers, when he was only seven. But a mere seven months later, Ibrahim Qutb Shah, his paternal uncle who had taken refuge for eight years at Vijayanagar during his usurping brother Jamsheed’s rule, returned and swept his nephew aside
4) Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah (1551 – 1580)
4th ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty
The youngest son of Sultan Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah. Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah patronized and encouraged the learning and writing of Telugu as few Muslim or non- Muslim rulers had done before him. Poets from all over theDeccanconverged at Ibrahim’s court. During his reign,Golcondawas further strengthened. Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah invited his nobles to construct buildings within its walls. Mosques, schools, alms houses and the dam at Hussain Sagar, Budwel and Ibrahim Patnam were all to his credit. Besides, Ibrahim was noted for his able administration
5) Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah (1580 – 1612)
5th ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty and Founder of Hyderabad City
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah was crowned king when only 15 years of age. He is best remembered as the great planner and founder of the city ofHyderabad. According to popular legend, the king was enamoured of a dancer calledBhagmati, belonging to the smallvillageofChichelamwhere the famous Charminar now stands. He found Bhagnagar to perpetuate his love for her. Later, when the title of “Hyder Mahal” was bestowed upon her, the name of the city was accordingly changed by the king toHyderabad. Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, like Ibrahim, patronised and encouraged the Telugu language as much as he did Arabic and Persian. He was himself an accomplished poet in Telugu and fostered local traditions and rituals. He was also the creator of the first Deccani poetry. Muhammad Quli was hardly 48 when he died in 1612 after a fairly long reign of 32 years. He was a humane and just king, besides being a great builder and a man of letters. Hayath Bakshi Begum was his only daughter who was married to his nephew and successor, Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah
6) Muhammad Qutb Shah (1612 – 1626)
6th ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty
He was the nephew of Muhammad Quli and his son-in-law as well. Sultan Muhammad was a scholar with a deeply religious temperament and a connoisseur of good books. He laid the foundation of the principal mosque Mecca Masjid in 1617, and the building of Sultan Nagar, which were not completed in his life-time. The Qutb Shahi chronicles were completed during his reign.
7) Abdullah Qutb Shahi(1626 – 1672)
7th ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty
He lived a life of pleasure and ease. Though the Kingdom was extended during his rule, it came under Mughal pressure in 1636 and in 1656,Golcondawas attacked and as a result, heavy indemnity had to be paid. He died on 1st May, 1672.
8) Abul Hasan Tana Shah (1672 – 1687)
8th ruler and last ruler of Qutb Shahi Dynasty
He proved an able ruler and a staunch defender against the Mughal might. He is remembered as a benign and tolerant king who placed his people’s prosperity and well-being above everything else. He was the last king ofGolconda. It was during his reign that the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb after a siege of 8 months was able to storm into the fortress when the gates were opened by a traitor in 1687. Abul Hasan was taken prisoner first to Bidar and then to Daulatabad (Aurangabad) where he died in prison after 12 years of captivity. Jan Sapar Khan, one of the nobles of Aurangzeb, accompanied Abul Has an upto Daulatabad and later was made the governor of theDeccan.